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A Bibliography of Bertrand Russell , 3 volumes. London and New York: Routledge, Rosalind Carey Email: rosalind. Bertrand Russell: Metaphysics Metaphysics is not a school or tradition but rather a sub-discipline within philosophy, as are ethics , logic and epistemology.

  1. Bertrand Russell's philosophical views.
  2. Bertrand Russell - Wikiquote.

Bradley and Internal Relations Bradley, most famous for his book Appearance and Reality , defines what is ultimately real as what is wholly unconditioned or independent. His Rejection of Psychologism When Russell begins to question idealism, he does so in part because of the idealist perspective on the status of truths of mathematics. His Rejection of Internal Relations In his early defense of pluralism, external relations relations which cannot be reduced to properties play an important role.

Propositions as Objects Since for Russell words mean objects terms , and since sentences are built up out of several words, it follows that what a sentence means, a proposition, is also an entity -- a unity of those entities meant by the words in the sentence, namely, things particulars, or those entities denoted by names and concepts entities denoted by words other than names.

Analysis and Classes Russell sometimes compares philosophical analysis to a kind of mental chemistry, since, as in chemical analysis, it involves resolving complexes into their simpler elements Principles , p. The Relation of Logic to Epistemology and Psychology In his early work, Russell treats logical questions quite like metaphysical ones and as distinct from epistemological and psychological issues bearing on how we know. Acquaintance and Descriptive Psychology Russell becomes aware of the work of Alexius Meinong, an Austrian philosopher who studied with Franz Brentano and founded a school of experimental psychology.

Eliminating Classes as Objects Classes, as Russell discovers, give rise to contradictions, and their presence among the basic entities assumed by his logical system therefore impedes the goal, sketched in the Principles , of showing mathematics to be a branch of logic. Impact on Analysis This has a marked impact on his conception of analysis, which makes it a kind of discovery of entities. Eliminating Propositions as Objects In , Russell believed subsistence and existence were modalities of those objects called propositions. Facts versus Complexes By the emergence of the so-called multiple relation theory of belief brings the notion of a fact into the foreground.

Logic as the Study of Forms of Complexes and Facts Though he eliminates propositions, Russell continues to view logic in a metaphysically realist way, treating its propositions as objects of a particularly formal, abstract kind. The Nature of Matter In , Russell rejects the indirect realism that he had embraced in The Atoms of Experience and the Misleading Nature of Language Russell believed that we cannot move directly from the words making up sentences to metaphysical views about which things or relations exist, for not all words and phrases really denote entities.

The Forms of Facts and Theory of Truth These objects that is, logical constructions in their relations or with their qualities constitute the various forms of facts. Belief as a New Form of Fact Russell describes Wittgenstein as having persuaded him that a belief fact is a new form of fact, belonging to a different series of facts than the series of atomic, molecular, and general facts.

Mind, Matter, and Meaning Because of his neutral monism, Russell can no longer maintain the distinction between a mental sensation and a material sense-datum, which was crucial to his earlier constructive work. Language, Facts, and Psychology Immediately after the lectures conclude, while in prison writing up notes eventually published in the Analysis of Mind Papers 8, p.

Universals Russell continues to analyze truth in terms of relation to facts, and to characterize facts as atomic, negative, and so on. The Syntactical View To some extent, Russell accepts the syntactical view in the following sense. Empirical Truths In his later work, Russell continues to believe that, when a proposition is false, it is so because of a fact.

A Priori Principles Against logical positivism, Russell thinks that to defend the very possibility of objective knowledge it is necessary to permit knowledge to rest in part on non-empirical propositions. Primary Sources i. Monographs An Essay on the Foundations of Geometry. A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz.

Cambridge, UK: University Press. The Principles of Mathematics. Principia Mathematica , with Alfred North Whitehead. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Revised ed.

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The Problems of Philosophy. London: Williams and Norgate. Chicago: Open Court. Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy.

Analytic philosophy - Bertrand Russell |

The Analysis of Mind. The Analysis of Matter.

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London: Kegan Paul. An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth. New York: W. Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits. Collections of Essays Philosophical Essays.

London: Longmans, Green. Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays. Logic and Knowledge: Essays , ed.

Bertrand Russell: Metaphysics

Robert Charles Marsh. Essays in Analysis , edited by Douglas Lackey. Cambridge, Mass. Press, Essays in Analysis. Logic and Knowledge. Review of Meinong et al. Mind 14 : Written Collected Papers 6. Mysticism and Logic. London: Fontana.

Republished in as Philosophy of Logical Atomism , with a new introduction by D. Muirhead, Review of Ramsey, The Foundations of Mathematics. Mind 40 : Schilpp, Evanston: Northwestern University, Evanston: Northwestern, Collected Papers Reprinted My Philosophical Development. Strawson on Referring. My Philosophical Development. Cambridge Essays, Rempel and John G. Volume 2. Philosophical Papers, Nicholas Griffin and Albert C. London: Unwin Hyman, Volume 3. Gregory H. Volume 4. Foundations of Logic, Alasdair Urquhart.

Volume 6. Logical and Philosophical Papers, John G. Volume 7. Theory of Knowledge: The Manuscript. Elizabeth Ramsden Eames. Volume 8. Volume 9. Essays on Language, Mind, and Matter, Volume A Fresh Look at Empiricism, Last Philosophical Testament, Autobiographies and Letters Paul A.

Evanston: Northwestern University. Portraits from Memory and Other Essays. The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell.

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Secondary sources i. General Surveys Ayer, A. Bertrand Russell. New York: Viking Press, Dorward, Alan. London: Longmans, Green, and Co, Eames, Elizabeth Ramsden. Carbondale, Ill. Griffin, Nicholas, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Bertrand Russell. Jager, Ronald.

London: George Allen and Unwin, Klemke, E. Essays on Bertrand Russell. Urbana: Univ. Sainsbury, R. Schilpp, Paul, ed. The Philosophy of Bertrand Russell. Schoenman, Ralph, ed. Bertrand Russell: Philosopher of the Century. Slater, John G.